National name: República de Cuba
Total area: 42,803 sq mi (110,860 sq km)
Population (2012 est.): 11,075,244 (growth rate: -0.12%)
Capital and largest city (2009 est.): Havana, 2,140,000
Other large cities: Santiago de Cuba, 554,400; Camagüey, 354,400; Holguin, 319,300; Guantánamo, 274,300; Santa Clara, 251,800
Monetary unit: Cuban Peso
Ethnicity/race: mulatto 51%, white 37%, black 11%, Chinese 1%
National Holiday: Triumph of the Revolution, December 10
Religions: predominantly Roman Catholic and Santería (Afro-Cuban syncretic religion)
Literacy rate: 99.8% (2011 est.)
industry 19.4%, services 60.6% (2006). Industries: sugar, petroleum, tobacco, construction, nickel, steel, cement, agricultural machinery, pharmaceuticals.
Natural resources: cobalt, nickel, iron ore, copper, manganese, salt, timber, silica, petroleum, arable land.