Official Name: (People's Republic of China) Zhonghua Renmin GongheGuo
Population: 1,285 million
Area: 9.56 million sq km
Religion: Buddhism, Confucianism and Taoism
Languages: Chinese and other local languages
Major Cities: Beijing, Shanghai, Canton, Shenzhen
Climate: Tropical in south; Subarctic in north
National Holiday: Anniversary of the Founding of the People's Republic of China, October 1
Industries: coal; machine building; armaments; textiles and apparel; petroleum; cement; chemicals; fertilizers; consumer products, including footwear, toys, and electronics; food processing; transportation equipment, including automobiles, rail cars and locomotives, ships, and aircraft; telecommunications equipment, commercial space launch vehicles, satellites.
Natural resources: coal, iron ore, petroleum, natural gas, mercury, tin, tungsten, antimony, manganese, molybdenum, vanadium, magnetite, aluminum, lead, zinc, uranium, hydropower potential (world's largest).
Area: 377,765 sq km or 145,855 sq mi
Religion: Shintoism, Buddhism
Major Cities: Tokyo, Yokohama,Osaka, Sapporo
Climate: Humid & wet
National Holiday: Birthday of Emperor Akihito, December 23
Industries: one of the world's largest and technologically advanced producers of motor vehicles, electronic equipment, machine tools, steel and nonferrous metals, ships, chemicals, textiles, processed foods.
Natural resources: negligible mineral resources, fish.
National name: Taehan Min'guk
Land area: 37,421 sq mi (96,920 sq km)
Population (2012 est.): 48,860,500 (growth rate: 0.204%); birth rate: 8.42/1000; infant mortality rate: 4.08/1000; life expectancy: 79.3
Capital and largest city (2009 est.): Seoul, 9.778 million
Other large cities: Pusan, 3.439 million; Inchon, 2.572; Taegu, 2.458 million; Taejon 1.497 million.
Monetary unit: won
Languages: Korean, English widely taught
Ethnicity/race: homogeneous (except for about 20,000 Chinese)
Religions: Christian 26.3% (Protestant 19.7%, Roman Catholic 6.6%), Buddhist 23.2%, other or unknown 1.3%, none 49.3% (1995 census)
National Holiday: Liberation Day, August 15
Literacy rate: 98% (2003 est.)
Industries: electronics, telecommunications, automobile production, chemicals, shipbuilding, steel.
Natural resources: coal, tungsten, graphite, molybdenum, lead, hydropower potential.
National name: Zhonghua Minguo
Land area: 12,456 sq mi (32,261 sq km); total area: 13,892 sq mi (35,980 sq km)
Population (2012 est.): 23,234,936 (growth rate: 0.29%); birth rate: 8.7/1000; infant mortality rate: 4.6/1000; life expectancy: 78.48
Capital and largest city (2010 est.): Taipei, 6,900,273 (metro. area), 2,618,772 (city proper)
Other large cities: Kaohsiung, 2,773,855; Tai Chung, 2,662,770; Tainan, 1,876,706; Keelung, 380,281
Monetary unit: New Taiwan dollar
Languages: Chinese (Mandarin, official), Taiwanese (Min), Hakka dialects
Ethnicity/race: Taiwanese (including Hakka) 84%, mainland Chinese 14%, aborigine 2%
Religions: mixture of Buddhist, Confucian, and Taoist 93%, Christian 4.5%, other 2.5%
Literacy rate: 96.1% (2003)
Industries: electronics, communications and information technology products, petroleum refining, armaments, chemicals, textiles, iron and steel, machinery, cement, food processing, vehicles, consumer products, pharmaceuticals.
Natural resources: small deposits of coal, natural gas, limestone, marble, asbestos.