Official Name: Republika Belarus (Republic of Belarus)
Population: 10.1 million
Area: 207,600 sq km or 80,154 sq mi
Languages: Belorussian, Russian
Major Cities: Gomel, Vitebsk
Climate: Temperate continental climate
National Holiday: Independence Day, July 3
Industries: metal-cutting machine tools, tractors, trucks, earthmovers, motorcycles, televisions, chemical fibers, fertilizer, textiles, radios, refrigerators.
Natural resources: forests, peat deposits, small quantities of oil and natural gas, granite, dolomitic limestone, marl, chalk, sand, gravel, clay.