Official Name: (People's Republic of China) Zhonghua Renmin GongheGuo
Population: 1,285 million
Area: 9.56 million sq km
Religion: Buddhism, Confucianism and Taoism
Languages: Chinese and other local languages
Major Cities: Beijing, Shanghai, Canton, Shenzhen
Climate: Tropical in south; Subarctic in north
National Holiday: Anniversary of the Founding of the People's Republic of China, October 1
Industries: coal; machine building; armaments; textiles and apparel; petroleum; cement; chemicals; fertilizers; consumer products, including footwear, toys, and electronics; food processing; transportation equipment, including automobiles, rail cars and locomotives, ships, and aircraft; telecommunications equipment, commercial space launch vehicles, satellites.
Natural resources: coal, iron ore, petroleum, natural gas, mercury, tin, tungsten, antimony, manganese, molybdenum, vanadium, magnetite, aluminum, lead, zinc, uranium, hydropower potential (world's largest).